Both radiant heat and forced-air heat are great heating options for most homeowners. Each of these heating methods relies on a completely different mechanism and each have their own pros and cons.
Radiant ceiling heat is usually a good choice for people living in small homes or offices who prefer a low maintenance, silent yet effective heater. Forced-air heating is inexpensive to install and can be beneficial for larger spaces.
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What Is Forced-Air Heating?
Forced air heating systems depend on air as the primary medium of heat transfer. The heater distributes warm air through vents and ductwork and can be controlled through a thermostat.
The fan-forced air has the ability to heat up the entire house within a short span of time. The air ducts are usually located in discreet areas like walls, attics or crawlspace and are visible so need to be incorporated into the décor of your home or work space.
Many forced air systems use natural gas to produce the flame required to heat the air. You can also opt for models that rely on electric heat pumps to warm up the air and distribute it.
Forced air heating is generally an effective heating method and is growing increasingly popular. It is a clean, reliable and efficient system for both electric and gas connected homes.
Is Radiant Heat The Same As Forced Air?
Radiant heat is not the same as forced-air heating. In fact, it is quite the opposite. In the case of radiant heating, there is no air blown and no vents or ducts to do so.
This system works by warming up radiant panels placed in the ceiling. You can use electricity or hot water to heat the panels which radiate warmth into the surroundings.
Instead of blowing warm air, the radiated heat is generated by infrared. The result is consistent warmth with a cozy feeling similar to the heat radiated by the sun.
Which is better: Radiant or Forced-air Heat?
Radiant heating and forced-air heating have their own pros and cons and there isn’t one clear ‘better’ choice, it will depend on the use case you need it for. Lets take a look at the main advantages and disadvantages of both heating methods:
Advantaged of Radiant Heat
One advantage of radiant heat is that there is no chance of dust or allergens getting blown around. This can be quite beneficial for people with breathing problems or allergies as the air stays cleaner.
Another good feature of radiant heating is its quiet operation. There is absolutely no noise in the room which gives a very naturally cozy feeling. Plus, the heat is distributed evenly across the room as the panels are laid out over a large surface area i.e. the ceiling.
The heating provided by radiant ceiling heat is also energy-efficient as you don’t need to set the thermostat at a high temperature. Even at a low temperature, the system works sufficiently well and makes everyone feel comfortable.
Finally, it is generally very safe, providing you get it installed by a professional.
Disadvantages of Radiant Heating
Most radiant ceiling heating systems only have a heating mode and not a cooling one. This means you might have to invest in two separate systems for your home, making it a less practical solution in areas with extreme weather changes. So, radiant heating is more ideal for moderate climates.
Although the system is efficient, it can prove to be quite expensive when you use it to heat up the entire home. Plus, the installation costs of radiant heating are also on the higher side.
While the system is usually low-maintenance and doesn’t require regular cleaning, it can be quite a task to get it repaired. In the case of leaks or faulty wires, it can be difficult to access the parts and requires professional help.
One complaint noted with radiant ceiling heat is that sometimes the head and upper body gets more hot compared to the rest of the body. Some areas with obstructions like tabletops also don’t receive enough warmth. So, uneven heat distribution can be a problem of radiant ceiling heat.
Read our full article on the pros and cons of radiant heating here.
Forced-air Heating Pros:
When it comes to forced-air systems, they can be used for heating as well as cooling which makes it a convenient option.
Plus, the air is circulated which can improve the ventilation of your house. And you can use air filters to keep the air free from dust and allergens.
The heat is more instant, you don’t have to wait for water in the pipes to start radiating heat.
Overall, forced air heating is far less expensive to install. It is also cost-effective in terms of operation as it usually uses natural gas to operate which is one of the most affordable substances.
Forced-air Heating Cons:
In contrast to radiant panels, you can hear the sound of the heater when it’s turned on and the fan blows out air. So, the system is not silent by any means.
There is also a higher amount of heat loss in the process as ducts are involved. Leaks are also more likely.
Forced-air systems require ductwork that takes up quite some space in the walls.
If the forced air is heated by gas, this can also be a safety concern due to it being a fire hazard.
Is radiant heat more cost-effective than forced air?
Cost-effectiveness is an important aspect when choosing a heating method for your home.
Although the initial costs of installing a forced-air system are cheaper, it is a widely accepted fact that radiant heat is more cost-effective in the long run. On a month-to-month basis, you can make up to 20% savings on energy costs if you use the system correctly.
It is important to remember that installing a radiant heating system typically costs almost ten times higher than installing forced-air heating.
However, studies have indicated that radiant heating is up to 30 percent more effective in comparison to the forced air. You can also make additional savings by setting the thermostat individually for different zones or rooms in the house.
Forced-air vs radiant heat cost
Forced-air systems have a smaller initial cost and you will have to pay about 50% less for installing it in the same space, compared to radiant heat. Forced-air systems also require more maintenance on a regular basis, but this is generally easily accessible.
Generally, radiant heating installation costs range from $14,000 to $48,000 depending on whether you opt for an electric, hydronic or air-heated system. In contrast, furnace installations typically cost around $4,500 to $9,000.
Electric radiant heat can be very expensive to operate, but you do get more instant heat. Hydronic radiant heat is more efficient as it uses lower water temperatures to heat up your home and results in higher cost savings.
As you can tell, radiant ceiling heat and forced air heating are two very different systems. The one you choose will very much depend on how you want your heating delivered and the funds available.